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荀子生平事跡新考

A New Textual Research on Lifetime of Xunzi

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【作者】 佐藤將之

【Author】 Masayuki Sato;Department of Philosophy, Taiwan University;

【機構】 臺灣大學哲學系

【摘要】 "敘述荀子生平"一事,始終要靠當代學者對歷史資料的詮釋和建構故事的一種"構想力"。在文獻資料非常限制之情況下,勾勒出荀子的生平大概如下:荀子大約在公元前316年出生于趙國。他年輕時曾到齊國,當時應是15歲左右。荀子在稷下學宮研瓚到30歲左右,燕國戰勝齊國迫使荀子離開齊都臨淄,并在前286年到前278年間居留于楚國。后來秦軍攻進楚國都郢城,齊襄王奪回臨淄的事件讓荀子回到稷下學宮,在這時期三度被任命為祭酒。在前265年,趙國由孝成王繼位,應侯范雎在秦國掌政,荀子應該在這一年到前262年之間曾拜見他們以及秦昭王,此時也是秦趙爭霸最后交鋒的前夕。256年楚國滅魯,荀子接受楚國春申君的邀請,接任蘭陵令。我們無法確定前238年他被解任前是否曾一度離職赴趙國,但他在卸任后繼續居住在蘭陵直到去世。如果說荀子是在前237到前235年間去世的話,他的年紀應該是70歲后半到80歲。

【Abstract】 To describe the lifetime of Xunzi has to be based on the grasping of history materials and imagination of present scholars. With limited materials, the lifetime of Xunzi is listed generally like this: Xunzi was born in 316 B.C. in the State of Zhao.He went to the State of Qi when he was around 15 and studied in Jixia Academy until 30 years old. He left when the State of Qi was defeated by the State of Yan, and stayed in the State of Chu in 286 B.C. to 278 B.C. Later the army of the State of Qin attacked the capital of the State of Chu, and the King Xiang of Qi took back Linzi, which strove Xunxi back to Jixia Academy and became chancellor for three times. In 265 B.C., the King Xiaocheng of Zhao became the King of the State of Zhao, and Fan Ju was in power. Xunzi went to visit them in 265 B.C. to 262 B.C. In 256 B.C., the State of Lu was conquered by the State of Chu,and Xunzi was pointed as the governor of Lanling County. He was dismissed in 238 B.C., but we are not sure if he had left his position to the State of Zhao. He stayed until his death after his dismissal. If he died in 237 B.C. to 235 B.C., his age would be 70 to 80 years old.

  • 【文獻出處】 臨沂大學學報 ,Journal of Linyi University , 編輯部郵箱 ,2015年03期
  • 【分類號】B222.6
  • 【下載頻次】326
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