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中國最早的無量壽經變——讀支道林《阿彌陀佛像贊并序》有感

The earliest illustrations to Amitāyus-vyūha sūtra found in China:Notes on reading the annotation and laudatory to the Amitāyur Buddha by Zhi Daolin

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【作者】 陳明施萍婷

【Author】 CHEN Ming1 SHI Pingting2(1.International Exchange College of Ludong University,Yantai Shandong 2640252.The Dunhuang Textual Research Institute of Dunhhuang Academy,Lanzhou Gansu 730030)

【機構】 魯東大學國際交流學院敦煌研究院文獻研究所

【摘要】 支遁(314-366),字道林,東晉著名高僧與名士。精研般若,創即色義,明因緣,悟中道;又游心莊老,于玄學別有建樹。其在佛學和玄學之外,尚有一些詩作和"像贊"傳世。《阿彌陀佛像贊并序》是其對當時一幅西方凈土變的描繪。其中對"安養國"——西方凈土極樂世界進行了全面的描摹和贊頌。由其內容可見,其所描摹的西方凈土莊嚴與當時流行的《無量壽經》內容一致。而其它文獻所載的同類圖像都遲于該"像贊"。因此,我們斷定該"像贊"所描摹的應該是我國最早的一幅無量壽經變。

【Abstract】 ZHI Dun(314-366),another well-known name was Daolin,a famous scholar and eminent monk of the Buddhist Doctrine.A meticulous researcher of prajna who has introduced idea of emptiness of the matter and had a refined understanding of "cause and effect" and "the middle path";Besides all those contributions to Chinese Buddhism,he made a diligent study on the works of Laozi and Zhuangzi and had a great contribution into metaphysics.He had amount of poems and works published and the work of Encomium of a Portrait" were handed down.Preface to Encomium of Amitabha was a praise verse of contemporary illustrations to The Western Pure Land.There he gave an overall description to Anyang Wondering Land,the paradise of the Western Pure Land,it could be considered to be The earliest illustrations to Amitāyus-vyūha sūtra by its contents from his portraying of the grandeur of the Western Pure Land.Therefore we could draw a conclusion that this particular the annotation and laudatory to the Amitāyur Buddha by Zhi Daolin should be the earliest illustrations to Amitāyus-vyūha sūtra in China.

  • 【分類號】K879.2
  • 【下載頻次】514
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