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阿旃陀石窟的地形對慈善寺窟龕選地的影響——讀《慈善寺與麟溪橋》札記

The Influence of the Terrain of the Ajanta Caves to the Selection of the Terrain of the Cishansi Temple——the Note on Reading Cishansi Temple and Linxiqiao: Report of the Survey on Buddhist Statue Niches

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【作者】 冉萬里

【Author】 Ran Wanli;

【機構】 西北大學文化遺產學院

【摘要】 在以往有關佛教遺跡與遺物的研究中,人們更多地關注印度與中國佛教造像之間的關系,而對于相互之間在地形選擇的影響方面的探討略顯不足。本文以讀書札記的形式,根據陜西麟游慈善寺窟龕所在地的地形,與印度阿旃陀石窟所在地的地形存在相似性這一點,認為這絕不是偶然發生的,而是前者受了后者的影響。以此為依據,進一步認識到,中國古代石窟的開鑿在地形的選擇上也受了印度的影響,當然中國傳統的風水思想的影響,也是一個不可忽視的因素。

【Abstract】 In the previous studies on the Buddhist remains and relics, the researchers paid more attention to the relationship between the Buddhist sculptures of India and China, but the explorations on the mutual influences in the selections of the terrains of the opening of the cave temples are insufficient. As a reading note, this paper pointed out that the similarity of the terrains where the caves and niches of Cishansi Temple in Linyou County, Shaanxi and that of the Ajanta Caves in India was not a coincidence but the influence to the former by the latter. Based on this realization, this paper further revealed that the selections of the terrains of other cave temples in ancient China were also influenced by that from India, and, of course, the Chinese traditional fengshui-geomancy idea was also an unignorable element.

【關鍵詞】 印度阿旃陀石窟麟游慈善寺地形
【Key words】 IndiaAjanta CavesLinyou CountyCishansi TempleTerrains
  • 【分類號】K879.2;K883.51
  • 【下載頻次】179
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