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《物不遷論》與佛教中國化

Wu Bu Qian Lun and Sinicizing Buddhism

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【作者】 李勇

【Author】 Li Yong

【機構】 遼寧大學哲學與公共管理學院暨永惺佛學研究中心

【摘要】 有關僧肇《物不遷論》的爭議為中國佛學史上的一大公案,鎮澄、印順等認為僧肇未能堅持"性空"之理論不遷,而流于小乘、外道的"性住"之見。德清等認為僧肇恰恰是從理事不二的立場論"物不遷",而非"理不遷"。可以說《物不遷論》之爭其實是印度佛學與中國佛學的對話。從"理不遷"到"物不遷",是僧肇對印度中觀學的中國化,與他在《不真空論》中"立處即真"的思想一致,體現的是魏晉玄學"談言微中"的風格。與恪守印度中觀學的三論宗大師吉藏相比,僧肇對中國佛教的影響十分深遠,后世的禪門宗師常以"物不遷"作為話頭接引學人。

【Abstract】 Wu Bu Qian Lun by Seng Zhao was an important case in Chinese Buddhism history. Zhen Cheng and Yin Shun thought Seng Zhao failed to adhere to the unchanging theory of Xing Kong,but stayed on the view of Xing Zhu from heretics or Theravada Buddhism. De Qing thought Seng Zhao’s view of things unchanging is Li Shi Bu Er,rather than unchanging theory. In fact,the argument about Wu Bu Qian Lun was the dialogue between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism. The process from theory unchanging to things unchanging was the process of sinicizing Madhyamika by Seng Zhao,it was identical to the view of Li Chu Ji Zhen in his book Bu Zhen Kong Lun,which reflected the style of remarking tactfully and aptly through hints of metaphysics in Wei and Jin dynasty. Seng Zhao was more influential compared with Ji Zhang,the founder of San-lun School,who strictly adhered to the view of Madhyamika. In Chinese Buddhism things unchanging was also used as primer to teach learners by Zen masters.

【關鍵詞】 僧肇物不遷論佛教中國化
【Key words】 Seng ZhaoWu Bu Qian Lunsinicizing Buddhism
  • 【文獻出處】 中國社會科學院研究生院學報 ,Journal of Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences , 編輯部郵箱 ,2011年01期
  • 【分類號】B948
  • 【下載頻次】593
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