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論王岱輿對回儒佛三教報應思想的探討

On Wang Daiyu’s Discussion of Retributive Theory in Islam, Confucianism and Buddhism

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【作者】 季芳桐

【Author】 Ji Fangtong

【機構】 南京理工大學人文學院

【摘要】 在《正教真詮》中,王岱輿較全面地述評了回儒佛三教的報應思想,并依據有關理論和生活常識,對儒佛報應觀作了批評。他認為:儒家一世生命的報應思想存在著難以解決的矛盾,其體系也不甚嚴謹,具有佛教色彩的三世輪回報應文化不合常理,唯有伊斯蘭教的兩世報應理論最為周密、合理。歷史上,不同文化比較、交流,既包含"各美其美,美人之美",也包含彼此批評、質疑。王岱輿對回儒佛三教報應觀的闡述、批評、質疑,也是一種形式的文化交流,其觀點或可以再商榷,但對于中國文化的整體發展起著積極作用。

【Abstract】 In Real Commentary on the True Teaching,Wang Daiyu has offered a comprehensive comment on retributive theory in Islam, Confucianism and Buddhism. Based on relevant theory and life common sense, he criticized the retributive theories in both Confucianism and Buddhism. He has remarked, Confucianism Yishi(一世)retributive theory has insurmountable contradictions and its system is not scientific; Buddhism Sanshi(三世)retributive theory is repugnant to common sense; only Islam Ershi (二世)retributive theory is the most scientific and reasonable one. In history, when comparing and communicating with different cultures "Every form of beauty has its uniqueness, it is precious to appreciate other forms of beauty with openness,"meanwhile there are also criticisms and questionings. Wang Daiyu’s explanation, criticism and questioning on retributive theory of Islam, Confucianism and Buddhism are also cultural communication. Although these ideas might be discussed further, they play a positive role in the overall development of Chinese culture.

【關鍵詞】 伊斯蘭教儒家佛教報應
【Key words】 IslamConfucianismBuddhismretributive theory
【基金】 教育部課題“明清時期回儒對話及其現代意義研究”(10YJA730006)的階段性成果
  • 【文獻出處】 西北民族研究 ,Northwestern Journal of Ethnology , 編輯部郵箱 ,2012年04期
  • 【分類號】B968
  • 【下載頻次】165
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